The Preliminary Ouagadougou Peace Agreement signed in June 2013 between the Malian transitional authorities, the National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad and the High Council for the Unity of the Azawad, paved the way for an inclusive reconciliation process. The agreement was mediated by the President of Burkina Faso with the support of ECOWAS.
According to the spirit and the letter of UN SC Resolutions on women, peace and security (UN Security Resolutions 1325 (2000), 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009) and 1960 (2010)), Malian women must play an active role in the reconciliation process within which women’s rights must be a central issue.
During the conflict in Mali, women have been targets of violence, including rape and other crimes, and it is necessary to give them a stronger voice now that the future of Mali is at stake. We should keep in mind that on the basis of Resolution 1820 (2008), women’s claim for justice has to be addressed and sexual violence crimes must be excluded from amnesty. Impunity is not an option.
The Preliminary Ouagadougou Agreement set the basis for a process that should be conducive to a final comprehensive peace agreement. This process included the holding of presidential election and